Animal bites often cause a serious infection by bacteria or virus. Rabies is caused by a virus and is the most serious infection from an animal and may be transmitted from dogs, cats, monkeys and bats as the most usual animals.
If an animal has bitten you which you think may have rabies, try and catch the animal, so it can be kept under observation for possible symptoms. There is no specific treatment, but vaccination after the bite is usually an effective, but laborious and expensive way of avoiding that the disease beaks out. It is therefore important not to be exposed to rabies.
How to avoid rabies exposure?
Avoid contact to unknown animals, in particular be careful that children do not play with unknown animals
Animals in your household should be immunised against rabies
Make sure that your tetanus immunisation is less than 10 years old.
First aid It you suspect that you have been bitten by a rabid animal:
wash the wound carefully with water and soap
seeks urgent medical assistance
catch the animal if possible and keep it under observation for at least 48n hours
start rabies vaccination as soon as possible so called post-exposure prophylaxis.
Post exposure prophylaxis: Previously vaccinated persons: After exposure or suspected exposure two injections are given 7 days apart and rabies immunoglobulin is not used.
Non-vaccinated persons: Vaccinations are started as soon as possible and six doses are administered day 0, 3, 7, 14, 28 and 90. The first vaccination is given together with rabies-immunoglobulin, RIB, 20 IU per kg bodyweight. The vaccination should be started even if the rabies suspected bite happened up to 6 months previously.